Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Age, Poem, Biography, Life, Career, Education and Much More

Harivansh Rai Bachchan (27 November 1907 – 18 January 2003) was a renowned Indian poet of the 20th century. He is best remembered for his profound contributions to Hindi literature, particularly his poetry that explored themes of humanism, philosophy, and social consciousness.

Bachchan’s literary prowess, evocative verses, and significant influence on modern Hindi poetry have left an indelible mark on Indian literature and culture.

Full NameHarivansh Rai Bachchan
Date of Birth27 November 1907
Age (as of 2023)115 years
Date of Passing18 January 2003

Early Life and Education

Harivansh Rai Bachchan was born on 27 November 1907, in Allahabad, India. He grew up in a scholarly and culturally rich environment, with his father, Pratap Narayan Bachchan, being an eminent Hindi poet himself. Bachchan’s early exposure to literature and poetry had a profound impact on his creative development. He pursued his education at Allahabad University and later completed his Ph.D. from Cambridge University, where he delved into the nuances of W.B. Yeats’ poetry.

Family of Harivansh Rai Bachchan

WifeTeji Bachchan
Profession– Talented singer
SonAmitabh Bachchan
Profession– Iconic actor, film producer, television host
Daughter-in-lawJaya Bachchan
Profession– Acclaimed actress, politician
DaughterShweta Bachchan Nanda
Profession– Relatively private life
Grandchildren (1)Abhishek Bachchan
Profession– Actor in Hindi films
Grandchildren (2)Shweta Bachchan Nanda’s Children
Profession(Details about them may not be available)

Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s family is as notable as his own contributions to literature. His family members have made significant contributions to various fields, ranging from Indian cinema to literature. Here’s an overview of some key members of his family:

Wife – Teji Bachchan:

Harivansh Rai Bachchan was married to Teji Bachchan (Tejinder Kaur), who was a woman of diverse talents. She held a degree in English literature and was a proficient singer. Teji Bachchan’s support and companionship played a crucial role in Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s personal and creative life.

Son – Amitabh Bachchan:

One of the most prominent figures in Indian cinema, Amitabh Bachchan is Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s son. Born on October 11, 1942, Amitabh Bachchan is an acclaimed actor, film producer, television host, and former politician. He has been a defining presence in Bollywood for several decades, known for his versatile acting, iconic roles, and significant influence on the film industry.

Daughter-in-law – Jaya Bachchan:

Jaya Bachchan, born on April 9, 1948, is an accomplished actress and politician. She married Amitabh Bachchan and established herself as one of the leading actresses of her time. Her contributions to Indian cinema are widely recognized, and she later ventured into politics, becoming a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of India’s Parliament).

Daughter – Shweta Bachchan Nanda:

Harivansh Rai Bachchan and Teji Bachchan also had a daughter, Shweta Bachchan Nanda. Born on March 17, 1974, she has maintained a relatively private life compared to her family’s public presence. Shweta is known for her elegance and has made occasional appearances in the media. She is married to Nikhil Nanda and is the mother of two children.


Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s legacy also extends to his grandchildren. Amitabh Bachchan and Jaya Bachchan’s children, Abhishek Bachchan and Shweta Bachchan Nanda, have also entered the entertainment industry. Abhishek Bachchan is an actor known for his versatile roles in Hindi films, while Shweta Bachchan Nanda has occasionally participated in public events and discussions.

Literary Career

Bachchan’s literary journey was characterized by his deep exploration of human emotions, philosophical questions, and societal concerns. He found his voice through his poetry, which often combined traditional Hindi verse forms with modern themes. His collections, including “Madhushala,” “Madhubala,” and “Agneepath,” remain some of the most celebrated works in Hindi literature.

“Madhushala,” a collection of quatrains centered around the metaphor of wine and life, catapulted Bachchan to literary stardom. The verses resonated with readers on a universal level, addressing the complexities of existence, desires, and the pursuit of meaning. The book’s popularity earned him a dedicated following and established him as a prominent poet of his generation.

Social and Political Influence

Bachchan’s poetry often echoed his humanist and progressive beliefs. He used his verses to comment on social injustices, political turmoil, and the human condition. His engagement with social issues and his ability to infuse them with artistic expression set him apart as a poet-philosopher. His work encouraged readers to contemplate life’s deeper aspects while advocating for empathy and compassion.


Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s legacy extends beyond his literary contributions. He played a pivotal role in elevating Hindi poetry to new heights and making it accessible to a broader audience. His words have been recited, interpreted, and cherished by generations, transcending linguistic and cultural boundaries.

Bachchan’s influence extended to his family, with his son Amitabh Bachchan becoming an iconic figure in Indian cinema. Amitabh Bachchan’s reverence for his father’s work and his efforts to promote Hindi literature have further contributed to Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s lasting legacy.

Final Years and Passing

Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s life journey came to an end on 18 January 2003. He left behind a treasure trove of poetry that continues to inspire and resonate with readers across the globe. His contributions to literature, philosophy, and social consciousness remain an integral part of India’s cultural heritage.

Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s life and works remain a testament to the power of language, poetry, and the ability to touch hearts and minds through the written word. His impact on Hindi literature and his unwavering commitment to artistic and intellectual exploration have secured his place as one of India’s most revered literary figures.

Harivansh rai bachchan poems list:

Harivansh Rai Bachchan, a prolific poet, created an array of poignant and thought-provoking poems. Here are some of his notable works:

Madhushala (मधुशाला):

Perhaps his most famous work, “Madhushala” is a collection of quatrains (rubaiyat) centered around the metaphor of wine. It explores various aspects of life, desires, and existential questions through the imagery of wine.

Madhubala (मधुबाला):

This collection delves into themes of romance, love, and relationships, capturing the complexities of human emotions.

Agneepath (अग्निपथ):

The poem “Agneepath” embodies determination, resilience, and the spirit of facing challenges head-on. It gained renewed popularity when it was used as the title for a Bollywood film.

Nisha Nimantran (निशा निमंत्रण):

This poem explores the beauty of the night and its various aspects, evoking a sense of tranquility and introspection.

Ek November (एक नवम्बर):

A heartfelt reflection on the poet’s mother and her significance in his life, “Ek November” portrays his emotions and memories tied to his mother’s passing.

Poem Title Year
Madhushala (मधुशाला)1935
Madhubala (मधुबाला)Not Specified
Agneepath (अग्निपथ)Not Specified
Nisha Nimantran (निशा निमंत्रण)Not Specified
Ek November (एक नवम्बर)Not Specified
Kya Bhooloon Kya Yaad Karoon (क्या भूलूं क्या याद करूं)Not Specified
Hunar (हुनर)Not Specified
Ruke Na Tu (रुके ना तू)Not Specified
Yudh Aur Shanti (युद्ध और शान्ति)Not Specified
Agni Aur Barkha (अग्नि और बरखा)Not Specified
Mitti Ka Tan (मिट्टी का तन)Not Specified
Jhansi Ki Rani (झाँसी की रानी)Not Specified
Hamar Desh (हमार देश)Not Specified
Yeh Kis Bhesh Mein Aaya (ये किस भेष में आया)Not Specified
Jhanki (झंकी)Not Specified
Hridaya Ki Pyas (हृदय की प्यास)Not Specified
Himalaya (हिमालय)Not Specified
Baba Teeni Se Kaho (बाबा तीनी से कहो)Not Specified
Haar Nahi Manunga (हार नहीं मानूँगा)Not Specified
Mitti Ka Kya Hai (मिट्टी का क्या है)Not Specified
Maa (माँ)Not Specified
Kuch Seekh (कुछ सीख)Not Specified
Man (मन)Not Specified
Swagat (स्वागत)Not Specified
Tum Mujh Se Jugnu Ho (तुम मुझसे जुगनू हो)Not Specified
Apni Antim Yatra Par (अपनी अंतिम यात्रा पर)Not Specified
Uska Patthar (उसका पत्थर)Not Specified
Andhera (अंधेरा)Not Specified
Ganga (गंगा)Not Specified
Vrishchika (वृश्चिक)Not Specified
Buddha (बुद्ध)Not Specified
Nimbu Mirchi (नींबू मिर्ची)Not Specified
Purani Haveli (पुरानी हवेली)Not Specified
Baat Athanni Ki (बात आठनी की)Not Specified
Dharti Par (धरती पर)Not Specified
Kavita Ke Bad (कविता के बाद)Not Specified
Budhi Ghodi Lal Lagaam (बुद्धि घोड़ी लाल लगाम)Not Specified
Phool Khilte Hain (फूल खिलते हैं)Not Specified
Ruke Har Saans (रुके हर सांस)Not Specified
Samvedna (संवेदना)Not Specified

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Harivansh Rai Bachchan

Who was Harivansh Rai Bachchan?

Harivansh Rai Bachchan was a renowned Indian poet born on November 27, 1907. He is celebrated for his significant contributions to Hindi literature, particularly his thought-provoking poetry that delved into themes of humanism, philosophy, and social consciousness.

What is Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s legacy?

Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s literary prowess and impactful verses have left an enduring imprint on Indian literature and culture. His ability to combine traditional Hindi verse forms with contemporary themes sets him apart as a prominent figure in modern Hindi poetry.

When did Harivansh Rai Bachchan pass away?

Harivansh Rai Bachchan passed away on January 18, 2003. He was 95 years old at the time of his passing.

What are some of Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s notable poems?

Some of Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s notable poems include “Madhushala,” “Madhubala,” “Agneepath,” “Nisha Nimantran,” “Ek November,” and many more. These poems explore a range of emotions, philosophies, and reflections on life.

What is the significance of “Madhushala”?

“Madhushala” is perhaps Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s most famous work. It is a collection of quatrains that use the metaphor of wine to convey profound messages about life, desires, and existential questions. The imagery of wine is used to explore various facets of human experience.

How did Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s family continue his legacy?

Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s legacy extended to his family members. His son, Amitabh Bachchan, became an iconic figure in Indian cinema and promoted Hindi literature. Amitabh’s reverence for his father’s work has contributed to Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s enduring influence.

What themes did Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s poetry explore?

Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s poetry delved into a wide range of themes, including human emotions, philosophy, societal issues, and the human condition. His verses often advocated empathy, compassion, and a deep understanding of life’s complexities.

Yash Bisht
Yash Bisht
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